Rousseau, C.; Chipangura, Y.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P. “Effect of Ion Identity on Capacitance and Ion-to-Electron Transduction in Ion-Selective Electrodes with Nanographite and Carbon Nanotube Solid Contacts”, Langmuir 2024, in press.


Invited paper: Chipangura, Y.; Spindler, B. D.; Bühlmann, P.; Stein, A. “Design Criteria for Nanostructured Carbon Materials as Solid Contacts for Ion-Selective Sensors”, Adv. Mater. 2023, in press.

Spindler, B. D.; Graf, K. I.; Dong, X. I. N.; Kim, M.; Chen, X. V.; Bühlmann, P.; Stein, A. “Influence of the Composition of Plasticizer-free Silicone-based Ion-selective Membranes on Signal Stability in Aqueous and Blood Plasma Samples”, Anal. Chem. 2023, 95, 12419-12426.

Dong, X.; Spindler, B.; Kim, M.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P. "Mesoporosity-Driven Ionic Liquid Sequestration from Silicone-Based Reference Electrode Membranes", ACS Sensors 2023, 8, 1774-1781.

Invited Feature Article: Stein, A. "Achieving Functionality and Multifunctionality Through Bulk and Interfacial Structuring of Colloidal-Crystal-Templated Materials", Langmuir 2023, in press.

Fan, B.; Zhao, W.; Chan, H.; Wang, Z.; Kim, M.; Spindler, B. D.; Bühlmann, P.; Stein, A.; “The Role of Copper(II) Oxide Particle Morphology in Non-enzymatic Glucose Sensing”, ACS Applied Nano Materials 2023, 6, 1475-1486.


Kim, M., Spindler, B. D.; Dong, L.; Stein, A.; “Li8ZrO6 as a Pre-lithiation Additive for Lithium-Ion Batteries”, ACS Applied Energy Materials 2022, 5, 14433-14444.

Liu, J.; Anderson, R.; Schmalbach, K. M.; Sheridan, T. R.; Wang, Z.; Schweitzer, N. M.; Stein, A.; Mara, N. A.; Gualdron, D. G.; Hupp, J. T.; “Insights into Dual-Functional Modification for Water Stability Enhancement of Mesoporous Zirconium Metal-Organic Frameworks", J. Mater. Chem. A. 2022, 10, 17303-17316.

Luo, N.; Feng, L., Yin, H., Stein, A.; Huang, S.; Hou, Z.; Truhlar, D. G.; “Li8MnO6: A Novel Cathode Material with Only Anionic Redox”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2022, 14, 29832-29843.


Invited book chapter: Stein, A.; Fan, B.; Kim, M.; “Colloidal Crystal Templating in Porous Materials” in Xia, Y.; Yin, Y. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Nanomaterials, Section 3 (Assembly, Transport, and Positioning of Nanomaterials) Shevchenko, E., Yin, Y. (eds.); Elsevier: Amsterdam, 2021.

Zhao, W.; Al Wahedi, Y.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; “Regenerable Sorbent Pellets for the Removal of Dilute H2S from Claus Process Tail Gas”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2021, 60, 18443-18451.

Stein, A.; Mara, N.; “Nano goes the distance?”, Nat. Mater. 2021, 20, 1456-1458.

Zhao, W.; Balasubramanian, V. V.; Ghosh, S.; Li, X.; Geuzebroek, F.; El Nasr, A. S.; Khan, I.; Dara, S.; Mittal, N.; Daoutidis, P.; Mkhoyan, K. A.; Al Hashimi, S.; Al Wahedi, Y.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; “High-Capacity Regenerable H2S Sorbent for Reducing Sulfur Emissions”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2021, 60, 14779-14787. (Selected for front cover.)

Wang, Z.; Schmalbach, K. M.; Penn, R. L.; Poerschke, D.; Antoniou, A.; Mara, N.; Stein, A.; “3D Periodic and Interpenetrating Tungsten–Silicon Oxycarbide Nanocomposites Designed for Mechanical Robustness”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2021, 13, 32126-32135.

Luo, N.; Hou, Z.; Zheng, C.; Zhang, Y.; Stein, A.; Huang, S.; Truhlar, D. G. “Anionic Oxygen Redox in the High-Lithium Material Li8SnO6”, Chem. Mater. 2021, 33, 834-844.


Wang, Z.; Schmalbach, K. M.; Combs, R. L.; Chen, Y.; Penn, R. L.; Mara, N. A.; Stein, A. “Effects of Phase Purity and Pore-Reinforcement on Mechanical Behavior of NU-1000 and Silica-Infiltrated NU-1000 Metal–Organic Frameworks”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 12, 49971–49981.

Chen, X.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P. “Reference Electrodes Based on Ionic Liquid Doped Reference Membranes with Biocompatible Silicone Matrixes”, ACS Sensors 2020, 5(6), 1717-1725.

Fan, B.; Zhao, W.; Ghosh, S.; Mkhoyan, A.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A. “Diffusive Formation of Hollow Mesoporous Silica Shells form Core–Shell Composites: Insights from the Hydrogen Sulfide Capture Cycle of CuO@mSiO2 Nanoparticles”, Langmuir 2020, 36(23), 6540-6549.

Schmalbach, K. M.; Wang, Z.; Penn, R. L.; Poerschke, D.; Antoniou, A.; Stein, A.; Mara, N. A. “Temperature-Dependent Mechanical Behavior of 3-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Tungsten”, J. Mater. Res. 2020, in press.

Anderson, E.; Chopade, S.; Spindler, B.; Stein, A.; Lodge, T.; Hillmyer, M; Bühlmann, P. “Solid-Contact Ion-Selective and Reference Electrodes Covalently Attached to Functionalized Poly(ethylene terephthalate)”, Anal. Chem. 2020, 92, 11, 7621-7629.

Kim, M.; Zhao, W.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A. “Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Mixed Metal Oxide as an Indicator for Monitoring the Stability of ZIF-8”, Chem. Mater. 2020, 32, 3850-3859.

Invited book chapter: Stein, A. “Batteries: The Effect of Porosity” in the Handbook on Porous Materials, G. Rothenberg (ed.), volume 4: “Porous Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage”, D. Eisenberg (volume editor), World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2020 (108 pages), in press.


He, S.; Liu, K.; Macosko, C. W.; Stein, A. “Effect of Primary Particle Size and Aggregate Size of Modified Graphene Oxide on Toughening of Unsaturated Polyester Resin”, Polym. Compos. 2019, 40, 3886-3894.

Tran, N.; Spindler, B. D.; Yakovenko, A.; Wiaderek, K. M.; Chapman, K. W.; Huang, S.; Smyrl, W. H.; Truhlar, D. G.; Stein, A. “Effective Electrochemical Charge Storage in the High-Lithium Compound Li8ZrO6”, ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 2019, 2, 1274-1287.

McCreary, A.; An, Q.; Forster, A. M.; Liu, K.; He, S.; Macosko, C.; Stein, A.; Hight Walker, A. R. “Raman Imaging of Surface and Sub-Surface Nanofiller Microstructure in Fiber Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites”, Carbon 2019, 143, 793-801.

Carlson, F.; Tran, N.; Stein, A.; Davidson, J. H. “Impact of Thermal Energy Storage on Operation of a Nuclear Power Plant Rankine Cycle”, Energy Conversion & Management 2019, 181, 36-47.

Liu, K.; He, S.; Qian, Y.; An, Q.; Stein, A.; Macosko, C. W. “Nanoparticles in Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Composites: Comparing Toughening Effects of Modified Graphene Oxide and Core–Shell Rubber”, Polymer Composites 2019, 40, E1512-E1524.


Desai, S. P.; Ye, J.; Zheng, J.; Ferrandon, M.; Weber, T. E.; Platero-Prats, A. E.; Duan, J.;, Holley, P. G.; Camaioni, D.; Chapman, K. W.; Delferro, M.; Farha, O. K.; Fulton, J. L.; Gagliardi, L.; Lercher, J. A.; Penn, R. L.; Stein, A.; Lu, C. C. “Well-Defined Rh-Ga Catalytic Sites in a Metal-Organic Framework: Promoter-Controlled Selectivity in Alkyne Semi-Hydrogenation to E-Alkenes”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 15309-15318.

Liu, Z.; Zhao, W.; Kumar, P.; Li, X.; Al Wahedi, Y.; Mkhoyan, K. A.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A. “Direct Synthesis and Pseudomorphic Transformation of Mixed Metal Oxide Nanostructures with Non-Close-Packed Hollow Sphere Arrays”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 15707-15711.

Liu, K.; He, S.; Qian, Y.; An, Q.; Stein, A.; Macosko, C. W. “Nanoparticles in Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Composites: Comparing Toughening Effects of Modified Graphene Oxide and Core–Shell Rubber”, Polymer Composites 2018, 40, E1512-E1524.

Tran, N., Zhao, W.; Carlson, F.; Davidson, J. H., Stein, A. “Metal Nanoparticle–Carbon Matrix Composites with Tunable Melting Temperature as Phase-Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage”, ACS Applied Nano Mater. 20181, 1894-1903.

He, S.; Qian, Y.; Liu, K.; Macosko, C. W.; Stein, A. “Effects of Inorganic Fillers on Toughening of Vinyl Ester Resins by Modified Graphene Oxide”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 201857, 4592-4599.

Malonzo, C. D.; Zhao, W.; Duan, J.; Wang, Z.; Webber, T. E.; Li, Z.; Kim, I. S.; Kumar, A.; Bhan, A.; Platero-Prats, A. E.; Chapman, K. W.; Farha, O. K.; Hupp, J. T.; Martinson, A. B. F.; Penn, R. L.; Stein, A. “Application and Limitations of Nanocasting in Metal-Organic Frameworks”,  Inorg. Chem201857, 2782-2790.

Zhao, W.; Wang, Z.; Malonzo, C. D.; Webber, T. E.; Platero-Prats, A. E.; Sotomayor, F.; Vermeulen, N. A.; Wang, T. C.; Hupp, J. T.; Farha, O. K.; Penn, R. L.; Chapman, K. W.; Thommes, M.; Stein, A. “Extending the Compositional Range of Nanocasting in the Oxozirconium Cluster-based Metal–Organic Framework NU-1000 – A Comparative Structural Analysis”, Chem. Mater. 201830, 1301-1315.

Hu, J.; Zhao, W.; Buhlmann, P.; Stein, A. “Paper-Based All-Solid-State Ion-Sensing Platform with a Solid Contact Comprising Colloid-Imprinted Mesoporous Carbon and a Redox Buffer”, ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 20181, 293-301.


Li, Z., Huang, X., Hu, J., Stein, A., Tang, B. “Synthesis and electrochemical performance of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous CoCr2O4as an anode material for lithium ion batteries”, Electrochim. Acta 2017247, 1-11.

Li, Z., Huang, X., Sun, C., Chen, X., Hu, J., Stein, A., Tang, B. “Thin-film electrode based on zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-8 and ZIF-67) with ultra-stable performance as a lithium-ion battery anode”, J. Mater. Sci. 201752, 3979-3991.

He, S.; Qian, Y.; Liu, K.; Macosko, C. W., Stein, A. “Modified-Graphene-Oxide-Containing Styrene Masterbatches for Thermosets”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 201756, 11443-11450.

Bai, L.; He, S.; Fruehwirth, J. W.; Stein, A.; Macosko, C. W.; Cheng, X. “Localizing Graphene at the Interface of Cocontinuous Polymer Blends: Morphology, Rheology and Conductivity of Cocontinuous Conductive Polymer Composites”, J. Rheology 2017, 61(4), 575-587.

Desai, S. P.; Malonzo, C. D.; Webber, T.; Duan, J.; Thompson, A. B.; Tereniak, S. J.; DeStefano, M. R.; Buru, C. T.; Li, Z.; Penn, R. L.; Farha, O. K.; Hupp, J. T.; Stein, A.; Lu, C. C.; “Assembly of Dicobalt and Cobalt-Aluminum Oxide Clusters on Metal-Organic Framework and Nanocast Silica Supports”, Faraday Discussions2017201, 287-302.

He, S.; Petkovich, N. D.; Liu, K.; Qian, Y.; Macosko, C. W.; Stein, A.; “Unsaturated Polyester Resin Toughening with Very Low Loadings of GO Derivatives”, Polymer 2017110, 149-157.

Hu, J.; Stein, A.; “Macroporous Materials Synthesized by Colloidal Crystal Templating”, in “Handbook of Solid-State Chemistry” (eds. R. Dronskowski, S. Kikkawa, A. Stein), vol. 4, Chapter 10, Wiley: Weinheim, 2017, 243-274.


Li, T.; He, S.; Stein, A.; Francis, L. F.; Bates, F. S.; “Synergistic Toughening of Epoxy Modified by Graphene and Block Copolymer Micelles”, Macromolecules 2016, 49, 9507-9520.

Park, S.; He, S.; Wang, J.; Stein, A.; Macosko, C. W.; “Graphene-Polyethylene Nanocomposites: Effect of Graphene Functionalization”, Polymer 2016104, 1-9.

Thompson, A. B.; Pahls, D. R.; Bernales, V.; Gallington, L. C.; Malonzo, C. D.; Webber, T.; Tereniak, S. J.; Wang, T. C.; Desai, S. P.; Li, Z.; Kim, I. S.; Gagliardi, L.; Penn, R. L.; Chapman, K. W.; Stein, A.; Farha, O. K.; Hupp, J. T.; Martinson, A. B. F.; Lu, C. C.; “Installing Heterobimetallic Cobalt-Aluminum Single-Sites on a Metal Organic Framework Support”, Chem. Mater. 201628, 6753-6762.

Hu, J.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P.; “Disposable Planar Paper-Based Potentiometric Ion-Sensing Platform”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 201655, 7544-7547. (Highlighted in Chemical & Engineering News, June 6, 2016, p. 8.)

186. Huang, S.; Fang, Y.; Wang, B.; Wilson, B. E.; Tran, N.; Truhlar, D. G.; Stein, A.; “Conduction and Surface Effects in Cathode Materials: Li8ZrO6and Doped Li8ZrO6”, J. Phys. Chem. C 2016120, 9637-9649.

Tang, B.; Huang, S.; Fang, Y.; Hu, J.; Malonzo, C.; Truhlar, D. G.; Stein, A.; “Mechanism of Electrochemical Lithiation of a Metal–Organic Framework Without Redox-Active Nodes”, J. Chem. Phys. 2016144, 194702(1-11).

Zhang, W.; Tan, Y.; Gao, Y.; Wu, J.; Hu, J.; Stein, A.; Tang, B.; “Nanocomposites of zeolitic imidazole frameworks on graphene oxide for pseudocapacitor applications”,J. Appl. Electrochem. 201646, 441-450.

Malonzo, C. D.; Shaker, S. M.; Ren, L.; Prinslow, S. D.; Platero-Prats, A. E.; Gallington, L. C.; Borycz, J.; Thompson, A. B.; Wang, T. C.; Farha, O. K.; Hupp, J. T.; Lu, C. C.; Chapman, K. W.; Myers, J. C.; Penn, R. L.; Gagliardi, L.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A. “Thermal Stabilization of Metal–Organic Framework-Derived Single-Site Catalytic Clusters Through Nanocasting”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016138, 2739-2748. (Highlighted in Chemical & Engineering News, Feb. 15, 2016, p. 23.)

Mousavi, M. P. S.; Wilson, B. E.; Kashefogheta, S.; Anderson, E.; He, S.; Buhlmann, P.; Stein, A. “Ionic Liquids as Electrolytes for Electrochemical Double-Layer Capacitors: Structures that Optimize Specific Energy”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 20168, 3396-3406.

Huang, S.; Wilson, B. E.; Smyrl, W. H.; Truhlar, D. G.; Stein, A. “Transition-Metal-Doped M-Li8ZrO6(M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Ce) as High-Specific Capacity Li-Ion Battery Cathode Materials: Synthesis, Electrochemistry, and Quantum Mechanical Characterization”, Chem. Mater. 201628, 746-755.

Zhang, W.; Du, X.; Tan, Y.; Hu, J.; Zhang, X.; Stein, A.; Tang, B., “A Facile Synthesis of SO42-/SnO2Solid Superacid Nanoparticles as Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries”, Electrochem. Commun. 201662, 9-12.

Hu, J.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P. “Rational Design of All-Solid-State Ion-Selective Electrodes and Reference Electrodes” Trends Anal. Chem. 201676, 102-114.

Mousavi, M. P. S.; Kashefolgheta, S.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P. “Electrochemical Stability of Quaternary Ammonium Cations: An Experimental and Computational Study”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 2016163, H74-H80.


Zhang, W.; Tan, Y.; Gao, Y.; Wu, J.; Hu, J.; He, S.; Stein, A.; Tang, B. “In2O3Nanoparticles on Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Carbon for Pseudocapacitor Electrodes”, Electrochim. Acta 2015176, 861-867.

Zhang, W.; Huang, X.; Tan, Y.; Gao, Y.; Wu, J.; Hu, J.; Stein, A.; Tang, B. “A Facile Approach to Prepare Bi(OH)3Nanoflakes as High-Performance Pseudocapacitor Materials”, New J. Chem. 201539, 5927-5930.

Mousavi, M. P. S.; Dittmer, A. J.; Wilson, B. E.; Hu, J.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P. “Unbiased Quantification of the Electrochemical Stability Limits of Electrolytes and Ionic Liquids”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 2015, 162, A2250-A2258.

Wilson, B. E.; He, S.; Buffington, K.; Rudisill, S. G.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A. “Utilizing ionic liquids for controlled N-doping in hard-templated, mesoporous carbon electrodes for high-performance electrochemical double-layer capacitors”, J. Power Sources 2015298, 193-202.

Huang, S.; Wilson, B.; Wang, B.; Fang, Y.; Buffington, K.; Stein, A.; Truhlar, D. G. “Y-doped Li8ZrO6: A Li-ion Battery Cathode Material with High Capacity”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015137, 10992-11003.

Hu, J.; Ho, K. T.; Zou, X. U.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; Buhlmann, P. “All-Solid-State Reference Electrodes Based on Colloid-Imprinted Mesoporous Carbon and Their Application in Disposable Paper-Based Potentiometric Sensing Devices”, Anal. Chem. 201587, 2981-2987.

Rudisill, S. G.; Shaker, S.; Terzic, D.; Le Maire, R.; Su, B.-L.; Stein, A. “Generalized Approach to the Microstructure Direction in Metal Oxide Ceramics via Polymerization-Induced Phase Separation”, Inorg. Chem. 201554, 993-1002.

Rudisill, S. G.; DiVito, M. D.; Stein, A.; Hubel, A.; “In vitrocollagen fibril alignment via incorporation of nanocrystalline cellulose”, Acta Biomaterialia 201512, 122-128.

Park, Y. T.; Qian, Y.; Chan, C.; Suh, T.; Nejhad, M. G.; Macosko, C. W.; Stein, A.; “Epoxy Toughening with Low Graphene Loading”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 201525, 575-585.


Petkovich, N. D.; Wilson, B. E.; Rudisill, S. G.; Stein, A.; “Titania-Carbon Nanocomposite Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries – Effects of Confined Growth and Phase Synergism”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 20146, 18215-18227.

Malonzo, C. D.; De Smith, R. M.; Rudisill, S. G.; Petkovich, N. D.; Davidson, J. H.; Stein, A.; “Wood-Templated CeO2as Active Material for Thermochemical CO Production”, J. Phys. Chem. C 2014118, 26172-26181.

Hu, J.; Zou, X. U.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P.; “Ion-Selective Electrodes with Colloid-Imprinted Mesoporous Carbon as Solid Contact”, Anal. Chem. 201486, 7111-7118.

Wilson, B. E.; Rudisill, S. G.; Stein, A.; “Use of a sacrificial layer for an efficient EISA synthesis of mesoporous carbon”, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 2014197, 174-179.

Wilson, B. E.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Design of a Low-Cost Electrochemical Cell for In-Situ XRD Analysis of Electrode Materials”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 2014161, A700-A703.

Suga, M.; Asahina, S.; Sakuda, Y.; Kazumori, H.; Nishiyama, H.; Nokuo, T.; Alfredsson, V.; Kjellman, T.; Stevens, S.M.; Cho H.S.; Cho, M.; Han, L.; Che, S.; Anderson, M.W.; Schueth, F.; Deng, H.; Yaghi, O.; Liu, Z.; Jeong, H.Y.; Stein, A.; Sakamoto, K.; Ryoo, R.; Terasaki O.; “Recent progress in scanning electron microscopy for characterising fine structural details of nano materials”, Progress in Solid State Chemistry 201442, 1-21.

Editorial: Stein, A.; Fröba, M.; “Silica-Based Nanoporous Materials”, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 2014640, 511.

Josephson, D. P.; Miller, M.; Stein, A.; “Inverse Opal SiO2Photonic Crystals as Structurally-Colored Pigments with Additive Primary Colors” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 2014, 640, 655-662.

Petkovich, N. D.; Rudisill, S. G.; Wilson, B. E.; Mukherjee, A.; Stein, A.; “Control of TiO2Grain Size and Positioning in Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous TiO2/C Composite Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries”, Inorg. Chem. 201453, 1100-1112.

Qian, Y.; Ismail, I. M.; Stein, A.; “Ultralight, High-Surface-Area, Multifunctional Graphene-based Aerogels from Self-Assembly of Graphene Oxide and Resol”, Carbon 201468, 221-231.

Invited review: Stein, A.; Rudisill, S. G.; Petkovich, N. D. “Perspective on the Influence of Interactions Between Hard and Soft Templates and Precursors on Morphology of Hierarchically Structured Porous Materials”, Chem. Mater. 201426, 259-276.

Vu, A.; Stein, A. “Lithium iron phosphate spheres as cathode materials for high power lithium ion batteries”, J. Power Sources2014245, 48-58.


Chen, L. D.; Lai, C.-Z.; Granda, L P.; Fierke, M.; Mandal, D.; Stein, A.; Gladysz, J. A.; Buhlmann, P. “Fluorous Membrane Ion-Selective Electrodes for Perfluorinated Surfactants: Trace Level Detection and In-Situ Monitoring of Adsorption”, Anal. Chem. 201385, 7471-7477.

Josephson, D. P.; Popczun, E. J.; Stein, A. “The Effects of Integrated Carbon as a Light Absorber on the Coloration of Photonic Crystal-based Pigments”, J. Phys. Chem. C 2013117, 13585-13592.

Vu, A.; Li, X.; Phillips, J.; Han, A., Smyrl, W. H.; Buhlmann, P.; Stein, A. “Three-Dimensionally Ordered Mesoporous (3DOm) Carbon Materials as Electrodes for Electrical Double-Layer Capacitors with Ionic Liquid Electrolytes”, Chem. Mater. 2013, 25, 4137-4148.

153. Park, Y. T.; Qian, Y.; Lindsay, C.; Nijs, C.; Camargo, R.; Stein, A.; Macosko, C. “Polyol-Assisted Vermiculite Dispersion in Polyurethane Nanocomposites”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2013, 5, 3054-3062.

152. Rudisill, S. G.; Hein, N. M.; Terzic, D.; Stein, A. “Controlling Microstructural Evolution in Pechini Gels through the Interplay between Precursor Complexation, Step-Growth Polymerization, and Template Confinement”, Chem. Mater.201325, 745-753.

Rudisill, S. G.; Petkovich, N. D.; Venstrom, L. J.; Quan, T.; Hein, N.; Boman, D. B.; Davidson, J. H.; Stein, A.; "Enhanced oxidation kinetics in thermochemical cycling of CeO2through templated porosity", J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117, 1692-1700.

Vu, A.; Phillips, J.; Bühlmann, P.; Stein, A. “Quenching Performance of Surfactant-containing and Surfactant-free Fluorophore-doped Mesoporous Silica Films for Nitroaromatic Compound Detection”, Chem. Mater. 201325, 711-722.

Invited book chapter: Josephson, D.; Stein, A. "Tuning Color and Chroma of Opal and Inverse Opal Structures", in Response Photonic Nanostructures: Smart Nanoscale Optical Materials, Y. Yin (ed.), Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013, 63-90,

Invited review: Stein, A.; Wilson, B. E.; Rudisill, S. G.; "Design and Functionality of Colloidal-Crystal-Templated Materials", Chem. Soc. Rev.201342, 2763-2803.

Invited review: Petkovich, N. D.; Stein, A.; "Controlling Macro- and Mesostructures with Hierarchical Porosity through Combined Hard and Soft Templating", Chem. Soc. Rev. 201342, 3721-3739.


DiVito, M.; Rudisill, S.; Stein, A.; Patel, S.; McLaren, J.; Hubel, A.; "Silica Hybrid for Corneal Replacement: Optical, Biomechanical and Biocompatibility Studies", Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 2012, 53, 8192-8199.

Fierke, M. A., Olson, E. J.; Buhlmann, P.; Stein, A.; "Receptor-Based Detection of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene using Modified Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon Electrodes", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 20124, 4731-4739.

Qian, Y.; Liu, W.; Park, Y. T.; Lindsay, C. I.; Camargo, R.; Macosko, C. W.; Stein, A.; " Modification with tertiary amine catalysts improves vermiculite dispersion in polyurethane via in situ intercalative polymerization", Polymer 2012, 53, 5060-5068.

Invited review: Vu, A.; Qian, Y.; Stein, A.; "Porous Electrode Materials for Lithium-ion Batteries—How to Prepare Them and What Makes Them Special", Adv. Energy Mater. 20122, 1056-1085.

Zhang, T.; Lai, C.-Z.; Fierke, M; Stein, A.; Buhlmann, P.; "Advantages and Limitations of Reference Electrodes with an Ionic Liquid Junction and Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon as Solid Contact", Anal. Chem. 201284, 7771-7778.

Qian, Y.; Vu, A.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; "Facile preparation and electrochemical properties of V2O5-graphene composite films as free-standing cathodes for rechargeable lithium batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc. 2012159, A1135-A1140.

Rudisill, S. G.; Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; "Maintaining the Structure of Templated Porous Materials for Reactive and High Temperature Applications", Langmuir 201228, 7310-7324 (featured on journal cover).

Li, F.; Wilker, M. B.; Stein, A.; "Simulation-aided Design and Synthesis of Hierarchically Porous Membranes", Langmuir 201228, 7484-7491.

Yoo, W. C.; Zhang, X.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Mesoporous ZSM-5 Zeolites through Desilication and Re-assembly Processes", Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 2012, 149, 147-157.

Venstrom, L.; Petkovich, N.; Rudisill, S.; Stein, A.; Davidson, J. H.; "The Effects of Morphology on the Oxidation of Ceria by Water and Carbon Dioxide", J. Sol. Energy Eng. 2012134, 011005/1-8.

Invited book chapter: Petkovich, N. D.; Stein, A.; "Colloidal Crystal Templating Approaches to Materials with Hierarchical Porosity", in Su, B.-L.; Sanchez, C.; Yang, X.-Y., Hierarchically Structured Porous Materials: from Nanoscience to Catalysis, Biomedicine, Optics and Energy, Wiley-VCH, 2012, Chapter 4, pp. 55-129.


Petkovich, N.D.; Rudisill, S.G.; Venstrom, L.J.; Boman, D.B.; Davidson, J.H.; Stein, A.; "Control of Heterogeneity in Nanostructured Ce1-xZrxO2 Binary Oxides for Enhanced Thermal Stability and Water Splitting Activity", J. Phys. Chem. C, 2011, 115, 21022-21033.

Qian, Y.; Lindsay, C. I.; Macosko, C.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis and Properties of Vermiculite-Reinforced Polyurethane Nanocomposites", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2011, 3, 3709-3717.

Vu, A.; Stein, A.; "Multiconstituent Synthesis of LiFePO4/C Composites with Hierarchical Porosity as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries", Chem. Mater. 2011, 23, 3237-3245.

Invited News & Views article, Stein, A.; "Batteries Taking Charge—Fast", Nature Nanotech. 2011, 6, 262-263.

Nagpal, P.; Josephson, D. P.; Denny, N. R.; DeWilde, J.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; "Fabrication of Carbon/Refractory Metal Nanocomposites as Thermally Stable Metallic Photonic Crystals", J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21, 10836-10843.

Yoo, W.C.; Stein, A.; "Solvent Effects on Morphologies of Mesoporous Silica Spheres Prepared by Pseudomorphic Transformations", Chem. Mater. 2011, 23, 1761-1767.

Lee, P.-S.; Zhang, X.; Stoeger, J. A.; Malek, A.; Fan, W.; Kumar, S.; Yoo, W. C.; Al Hashimi, S.; Penn, R. L.; Stein, A.; Tsapatsis, M.; "Sub-40 nm zeolite suspensions by disassembly of three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous-imprinted silicalite-1 and their use for high performance membrane formation", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 493-502.

Li, F.; Josephson, D. P.; Stein, A. "Colloidal Assembly: The Road from Particles to Colloidal Molecules and Crystals", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 360-388.


Invited News & Views article: Stein, A.; "Thin Films with a Hidden Twist", Nature 2010, 468, 387-388.

Aguirre, C.; Reguera, E.; Stein, A.; "Colloidal Photonic Crystal Pigments with Low Angle Dependence", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2010, 2, 3257-3262.

Yoo, W. C.; Stoeger, J. A.; Lee, P.-S.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; "High Performance Randomly Oriented Zeolite Membranes Using Brittle Seeds and Rapid Thermal Processing", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 8699-8703.

Lai, C.-Z.; Fierke, M. A.; da Costa, R. C.; Gladysz, J. A.; Stein, A.; Buhlmann, P.; "Highly Selective Detection of Silver in the Low ppt Range with Ion-Selective Electrodes Based on Ionophore-Doped Fluorous Membranes", Anal. Chem. 2010, 82, 7634-7640.

Li, F.; Stein, A.; "Functional Composite Membranes Based on Mesoporous Silica Spheres in a Hierarchically Porous Matrix", Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 3790-3797.

Li, F.; Qian, Y.; Stein, A.; "Template-directed Synthesis and Organization of Shaped Oxide/Phosphate Nanoparticles", Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 3226-3235.

Aguirre, C. I.; Reguera, E.; Stein, A.; "Tunable Colors in Opals and Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals", Adv. Funct. Mater. 2010, 20, 2565-2578.

Fierke, M. A.; Lai, C.-Z.; Buhlmann, P.; Stein, A.; "Effects of Architecture and Surface Chemistry of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon Solid Contacts on Performance of Ion-Selective Electrodes", Anal. Chem. 2010, 82, 680-688.

Denny, N. R.; Li, F.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; "In-situ high temperature TEM analysis of sintering in nanostructured tungsten and tungsten-molybdenum alloy photonic crystals", J. Mater. Chem. 2010, 20, 1538-1545.


Li, F.; Yoo, W. C.; Beernink, M. B.; Stein, A.; "Site-Specific Functionalization of Anisotropic Nanoparticles: From Colloidal Atoms to Colloidal Molecules", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 18548-18555.

Li, F.; Stein, A.; "Conjugation of Colloidal Clusters and Chains by Capillary Condensation", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 9920-9921.

Yoo, W. C.; Kumar, S.; Penn, R. L.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; "Growth Patterns and Shape Development of Zeolite Nanocrystals in Confined Syntheses", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 12377-12383.

Invited review article: Stein, A.; Wang, Z.; Fierke, M. A.; "Functionalization of Porous Carbon Materials with Designed Pore Architecture", Adv. Mater. 2009, 21, 265-293. (The Early View version of this paper was among the most downloaded papers from Adv. Mater. in November & December 2008).

Lai, C. Z.; Joyer, M. M.; Fierke, M. A.; Petkovich, N. D.; Stein, A.; Buhlmann, P.; "Subnanomolar Detection Limit Application of Ion-Selective Electrodes with Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Carbon Solid Contacts", J. Solid State Electrochem. 2009, 13, 123-128.

Wang, Z.; Al-Daous, M. A.; Kiesel, E. R.; Li, F.; Stein, A.; "Design and Synthesis of 3D Ordered Macroporous ZrO2/Zeolite Nanocomposites", Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 2009, 120, 351-358.

Invited Highlight article: Stein, A.; Li, F.; Wang, Z.; "Synthesis of shaped particles and particle arrays by disassembly methods", J. Mater. Chem. 2009, 19, 2102-2106.


Yoo, W. C.; Kumar, S.; Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Fan, W.; McCormick, A. V.; Penn, R. L.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; "Nanoscale Reactor Engineering: Hydrothermal Synthesis of Uniform Zeolite Particles in Massively Parallel Reaction Chambers", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 9096-9099 (featured on inside cover).

Fan, W.; Snyder, M. A.; Kumar, S.; Lee, P.-S.; Yoo, W. C.; McCormick, A. V.; Penn, R. L.; Stein, A.; Tsapatsis, M.; "Hierarchical nanofabrication of microporous crystals with ordered mesoporosity", Nature Mater. 2008, 7, 984-991.

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of monolithic 3-D ordered macroporous carbon/nano-silicon composites by diiodosilane decomposition", Carbon 2008, 46, 1702-1710 (featured on cover of Vol 46, No. 15).

Nagpal, P.; Han, S. E.; Stein, A.; Norris, D. J.; "Efficient low-temperature thermophotovoltaic emitters from metallic photonic crystals", Nano Letters 2008, 8, 3238-3243.

Wang, Z.; Fierke, M. A.; Stein, A.; "Porous Carbon/Tin(IV) Oxide Monoliths as Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc. 2008, 155, A658-A663 (highlighted in the August 4, 2008 issue of Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology,

Wang, Z.; Kiesel, E. R.; Stein, A.; "Silica-Free Syntheses of Hierarchically Ordered Macroporous Polymer and Carbon Monoliths with Controllable Mesoporosity", J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 2194-2200.

Blanford, C. F.; Carter, C. B.; Stein, A.; "In-situ high-temperature electron microscopy of 3DOM metals and oxides", J. Mater. Sci. 2008, 43, 3539-3552.

Li, F.; Delo, S. A.; Stein, A.; "Shaped Metal Oxide-Phosphate Composite Nanoparticles Synthesized by Templated Disassembly", in Nanoporous Materials, ed. by A. Sayari and M. Jaroniec, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2008, 377-384.

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; “Monolithic Carbon-based Nanocomposites with Hierarchical Porosity: Novel Anode Materials for Li Ion Batteries”, E.C.S. Transactions 2008, 6(25), 199-204.

Invited review article: Stein, A.; Li, F.; Denny, N. R.; “Morphological Control in Colloidal Crystal Templating of Inverse Opals, Hierarchical Structures and Shaped Particles”, Chem. Mater. 2008, 20, 649-666.

Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; “Morphology Control of Carbon, Silica and Carbon/Silica Nanocomposites: From 3-D Ordered Macro-/Mesoporous Monoliths to Shaped Mesoporous Particles”, Chem. Mater. 2008, 20, 1029-1040 (highlighted on journal cover).


Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Stein, A.; “Direct Synthesis of Shaped Carbon Nanoparticles with Ordered Cubic Mesostructure”, Nano Lett. 2007, 7, 3223-3226 (highlighted in MRS Bulletin 2007, 32 (December issue), 994-996).

Ergang, N. S.; Fierke, M. A.; Wang, Z.; Smyrl, W. H., Stein, A.; “Fabrication of a Fully Infiltrated 3-Dimensional Solid-State Interpenetrating Electrochemical Cell”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 2007, 154, A1135-A1139 (highlighted in the Electrochemical Society Interface, Spring 2008, p. 30).

Denny, N. R.; Han, S. E.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; “Effects of Thermal Processes on the Structure of Monolithic Tungsten and Tungsten Alloy Photonic Crystals”, Chem. Mater. 2007, 19, 4563-4569.

Li, F.; Delo, S. A.; Stein, A.; “Disassembly and self-reassembly in periodic nanostructures: a face-centered to simple cubic transformation”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2007, 46, 6666-6669 (highlighted in a News & Views article in Nature, 2007, 449, 550-551; also in Nanowerk, posted Sept. 6, 2007).

Han, S. E.; Stein, A.; Norris, D. J.; “Tailoring Tungsten Inverse Opals for Modified Thermal Emission”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 2007, 99, 053906/1-4.

Lytle, J. C.; Denny, N. R.; Turgeon, R. T.; Stein, A.; “Pseudomorphic Transformation of Inverse Opal Tungsten Oxide to Tungsten Carbide”, Adv. Mater. 2007, 19, 3682-3686.

Lai, C. Z.; Fierke, M. A.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P.; “Ion-Selective Electrodes with Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon as the Solid Contact”, Anal. Chem. 2007, 79, 4621-4626. (Top 10% of citations of Anal. Chem. articles in 2007.)

Li, F.; Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Fyfe, C. A.; Stein, A.; “Controlling the Shape and Alignment of Mesopores by Confinement in Colloidal Crystals: Designer Pathways to Silica Monoliths with Hierarchical Porosity”, Langmuir 2007, 23, 3996-4004 (journal cover page).

Chastek, T. T.; Que, E. L.; Jarzombeck, P.; Macosko, C. W.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis of Lamellar Isobutyl Silicates and Dispersion in Polypropylene Melts”, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 2007, 105, 1456-1465.

Li, F.; Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; “Shaping Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles by Disassembly of Hierarchically Porous Structures”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2007, 46, 1885-1888 (journal cover page) (highlighted in Chemical & Engineering News, Frankfurter Allgemeine, NPR's Earth & Sky (radio interview), Chemie.DE News).

Bobev, S.; Guloy, A. M.; Hwu, S.-J.; Lachgar, A.; Latturner, S. E.; Schaak. R.; Seo, D.-K.; Sevoy, S. C.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis and New Materials,” in “Third Workshop on Future Directions of Solid State Chemistry: The Status of Solid State Chemistry and its Impact in the Physical Sciences”, ed. by M. G. Kanatzidis and K. R. Poeppelmeier, Prog. Solid St. Chem. 2007, Volume Date 2008, 36(1-2), 1-133 (7-33).

Yu, D.; Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; “Surface Functionalization of Templated Porous Carbon Materials”, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 2007, 165, 365-368.


Invited review chapter: Lytle, J. C.; Stein, A.’ “Recent Progress in Syntheses and Applications of Inverse Opals and Related Macroporous Materials Prepared by Colloidal Crystal Templating” in Annual Reviews of Nano Research, ed. by G. Cao, C. J. Brinker, Vol. 1, 2006, World Scientific Publishing Co. 1-79.

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; “Effects of Hierarchical Architecture on Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Nanocast Monolithic Porous Carbons and Carbon-carbon Nanocomposites”, Chem. Mater. 2006, 18, 5543-5553.

Meng, Y.; Gu, D.; Zhang, F.; Shi, Y.; Cheng, L.; Feng, D.; Wu, Z.; Chen. Z.; Wan, Y.; Stein, A.; Zhao, D.; “A family of highly ordered mesoporous polymer resin and carbon structures from organic-organic self-assembly”, Chem. Mater. 2006, 18, 4447-4464.

Invited News & Views contribution: Stein, A.; “Germanium takes holey orders”, Nature 2006, 441, 1055-1056.

Wang, J.; Severtson, S. J.; Stein, A.; “Significant and Concurrent Enhancement of Stiffness, Strength annd Toughness for Paraffin Wax through Organoclay Addition”, Adv. Mater. 2006, 18, 1585-1588.

Ergang, N. S.; Lytle, J. C.; Lee, K. T.; Oh, S. M.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Photonic Crystal Structures as a Basis for an Interpenetrating Electrochemical Cell System”, Adv. Mater. 2006, 18, 1750-1753 (featured on inside journal cover).

Blanford, C. F.; Carter, C. B.; Stein, A.; “Determination of Void Arrangements in Inverse Opals by Transmission Electron Microscopy”, J. Phys.: Conf. Series 2006, 26, 264-267.


Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Al-Daous, M. A..; Stein, A.; “Synthesis and Characterization of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon/Titania Nanoparticle Composites”, Chem. Mater. 2005, 17, 6805-6813.

Denny, N. R.,; Han, S.; Turgeon, R. T.; Lytle, J. C.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; “Synthetic approaches toward tungsten photonic crystals for thermal emission”, SPIE-Proceedings 2005, 6005, 60050501-60050513.

Ergang, N. S.; Lytle, J. C.; Yan, H.; Stein, A.; “The Effect of a Macropore Structure on Cycling Rates of LiCoO2J. Electrochem. Soc. 2005, 152, A1989-A1995.

Chastek, T. T.; Que, E. L.; Shore, J. S.; Lowy III, R. J.; Macosko, C.; Stein, A.; “Hexadecyl-functionalized Lamellar Mesostructured Silicates and Aluminosilicates Designed for Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites. Part I: Clay Synthesis and Structure”, Polymer 2005, 46/12, 4421-4430.

Chastek, T. T.; Stein, A.; Macosko, C.; “Hexadecyl-functionalized Lamellar Mesostructured Silicates and Aluminosilicates Designed for Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites. Part II: Dispersion in Organic Solvents and in Polystyrene Nanocomposites”, Polymer 2005, 46/12, 4431-4439.

Zhang, K.; Yan, H.; Stein, A.; Francis, L. F.; "Apatite Converted from 3-D Ordered Macroporous Sol-Gel Bioactive Glass (3DOM-BG) Particles", J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2005, 88, 587-592.

Lee, K. T.; Lytle, J. C.; Ergang, N. S.; Oh, S. M.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis and Rate Performance of Monolithic Macroporous Carbon Electrodes for Lithium Secondary Batteries”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2005, 15, 547-556.


Lytle, J. C.; Yan, H.; Turgeon, R. T.; Stein, A.; “Multistep, Low Temperature Pseudomorphic Transformations of Nanostructured Silica to Titania via a Titanium Oxyfluoride Intermediate”, Chem. Mater. 2004, 16, 3829-3837.

Lytle, J. C.; Yan, H.; Ergang, N. S.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Structural and electrochemical properties of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous tin(IV) oxide films”, J. Mater. Chem. 2004, 14, 1616-1622.

Toivola, Y.; Stein, A.; Cook, R. F.; "Depth-Sensing Indentation Response of Ordered Silica Foam", J. Mater. Res. 2004, 19, 260-271.

Blanford, C. F.; Carter, C. B.; Stein, A.; “A Method for Determining Void Arrangements in Inverse Opals”, J. Microscopy 2004, 216(3), 263-287. (featured on journal cover)

Invited review chapter:  Schroden, R. C.; Stein, A.; “3D Ordered Macroporous Materials”, Colloids and Colloid Assemblies: Synthesis, Modification, Organization and Utilization of Colloid Particles, edited by Frank Caruso, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2004, 465-493.


Johnson, B.J.S.; Geers, S. A.; Brennessel, W. W.; Young, Jr., V. G.; Stein, A.; "A Coordination Network Containing Non-Coordinating Polyoxometalate Clusters as Counterions", Dalton Transactions 2003, 4678-4681.

Invited review: Stein, A.; "Advances in Microporous and Mesoporous Solids—Highlights of Recent Progress", Adv. Mater. 2003, 15, 763-775.

Al-Daous, M. A.; Stein, A.; "Preparation and Catalytic Evaluation of Macroporous Crystalline Sulfated Zirconium Dioxide Templated with Colloidal Crystals", Chem. Mater. 2003, 15, 2638-2645.

Sokolov, S.; Bell, D.; Stein, A.; "Preparation and Characterization of Macroporous a-Alumina", J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2003, 86, 1481-1486.

Sokolov, S.; Stein, A.; "Preparation and Characterization of Macroporous g-LiAlO2", Mater. Letters 2003, 57, 3593-3597.

Zhang, K.; Yan, H.; Bell, D. C.; Stein, A.; Francis, L. F.; "Effects of Materials Parameters on Mineralization and Degradation of Sol-gel Bioactive Glasses with 3D-ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Structures", J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 2003, 66A, 860-869 (featured on journal cover).

Yan, H.; Sokolov, S.; Lytle, J. C.; Stein, A.; Zhang, F.; Smyrl, W. H.; "Colloidal-Crystal-Templated Synthesis of Ordered Macroporous Electrode Materials for Lithium Secondary Batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc. 2003, 150, A1102-A1107.


Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Sokolov, S.; Melde, B. J.; Lytle, J. C.; Stein, A.; Carbojo, M. C.; Fernández, J. T.; Rodríguez, E. E.; “Hybrid Macroporous Materials for Heavy Metal Ion Adsorption”, J. Mater. Chem. 2002, 12, 3261-3267.

Melde, B. J.; Stein, A.; “Periodic Macroporous Hydroxyapatite-containing Calcium Phosphates”, Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 3326-3331.

Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; “Optical Properties of Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals”, Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 3305-3315.

Johnson, B. J. S.; Schroden, R. C.; Zhu, C.; Young Jr., V. G.; Stein, A.; “Design and Analysis of Chain and Network Structures from Organic Derivatives of Polyoxometalate Clusters”, Inorg. Chem. 2002, 41, 2213-2218.

Invited review chapter: Stein, A.; Schroden, R. C.; “Designing Porous Solids Over Multiple Pore Size Regimes” in Nanostructured Catalysts, edited by S. L. Scott, C. M. Crudden, C. W. Jones, Kluwer-Plenum series on Nanostructure Science and Technology Vol. 3, 2002, 257-276, Kluwer-Plenum: Dordrecht, Netherlands.


Invited review: Stein, A.; Schroden, R. C.; “Colloidal Crystal Templating of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Solids—Materials for Photonics and Beyond”, Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science 2001, 5, 553-564.

Yan, H.; Blanford, C. F.; Lytle, J. C.; Carter, C. B.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Influence of Processing Conditions on Structures of 3D Ordered Macroporous Metals Prepared by Colloidal Crystal Templating”, Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 4314-4321.

Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; “Self-Modification of Spontaneous Emission by Inverse Opal Silica Photonic Crystals”, Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 2945-2950.

Johnson, B. J. S.; Schroden, R. C.; Zhu, C.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis and Characterization of 2D and 3D Structures from Organic Derivatives of Polyoxometalate Clusters—Role of Organic Moiety, Counterion, and Solvent”, Inorg. Chem. 2001, 40, 5972-5978.

Yan, H.; Zhang, K.; Blanford, C. F.; Francis, L. F.; Stein, A.; “In Vitro Hydroxycarbonate Apatite Mineralization of CaO-SiO2 Sol-gel Glasses with a Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Structure”, Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 1374-1382.

Schroden, R. C.; Blanford, C. F.; Melde, B. J.; Johnson, B. J. S.; Stein., A.; “Direct Synthesis of Ordered Macroporous Silica Materials Functionalized with Polyoxometalate Clusters”, Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 1074-1081.

Invited review: Stein, A.; “Sphere Templating Methods for Periodic Porous Solids”, Microporous & Mesoporous Materials 2001, 44-45, 227-239.

Invited review: Blanford, C. F.; Yan, H., Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; “Gems of Chemistry and Physics: Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Metal Oxides”, Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 401-407.<401::AID-ADMA401>3.0.CO;2-7

Johnson, B. J. S.; Stein, A.; “Surface Modification of Mesoporous, Macroporous, and Amorphous Silica with Catalytically Active Polyoxometalate Clusters”, Inorg. Chem. 2001, 40, 801-808.

Invited review chapter: Stein, A.; Melde, B.; “The Role of Surfactants and Amphiphiles in the Synthesis of Porous Inorganic Solids,” in Reactions and Synthesis in Surfactant Systems, edited by J. Texter, Chapter 40, Marcel Dekker: New York, 2001, pp. 819-851.

Blanford, C. F.; Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; “Tuning Solvent-Dependent Color Changes of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Materials Through Compositional and Geometric Modifications”, Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 26-29.<26::AID-ADMA26>3.0.CO;2-S

Krivorotov, I. N.; Yan, H.; Dahlberg, E. D.; Stein, A.; “Exchange Bias in Macroporous Co/CoO”, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 2001, 226-230, 1800-1802.


Invited review: Stein, A.; Melde, B. J.; Schroden, R. C.; “Hybrid Inorganic-Organic Mesoporous Silicates — Nanoscopic Reactors Coming of Age”, Adv. Mater. 2000, 12, 1403-1419.<1403::AID-ADMA1403>3.0.CO;2-X

Yan, H.; Blanford, C. F.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Preparation and Structure of 3D Ordered Macroporous Alloys by PMMA Colloidal Crystal Templating”, Chem. Commun. 2000, 1477-1478.

Yan, H.; Blanford, C. F.; Holland, B. T., Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “General Synthesis of Periodic Macroporous Solids by Templated Salt Precipitation and Chemical Conversion”, Chem. Mater. 2000, 12, 1134-1141.

Aronson, B. J.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis, Characterization, and Ion-Exchange Properties of Zinc and Magnesium Manganese Oxides Confined within MCM-41 Channels”, J. Phys. Chem. B 2000, 104, 449-459.


Aronson, B. J.; Kinser, A. J.; Passerini, S.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Zinc and magnesium manganese oxides as lithium intercalation hosts”, Proc.-Electrochem. Soc. 1999, 98-16, 247-256.

Melde, B. J.; Holland, B. T.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein., A.; “Mesoporous Sieves With Unified Hybrid Inorganic/Organic Frameworks”, Chem. Mater. 1999, 11, 3302-3308.

Lim, M. H.; Stein, A.; “Comparative Studies of Grafting and Direct Syntheses of Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Mesoporous Materials”, Chem. Mater. 1999, 11, 3285-3295.

Yan, H.; Blanford, C. F.; Holland, B. T.; Parent, M.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “A Chemical Synthesis of Periodic Macroporous NiO and Metallic Ni”, Adv. Mater. 1999, 11, 1003-1006.<1003::AID-ADMA1003>3.0.CO;2-K

Holland, B. T.; Abrams, L.; Stein, A.; “Dual Templating of Macroporous Silicates with Zeolitic Microporous Frameworks”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 4308-4309.

Blanford, C. F.; Do, T. N.; Holland, B. T.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis of Highly Ordered Macroporous Minerals: Extension of the Synthetic Method to other Metal Oxides and Organic-Inorganic Composites”, in Lednor, P. W.; Nagaki, D. A.; Thompson, L. T. (eds.); Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1999, Vol. 549 (Advanced Catalytic Materials), 61-66.

Holland, B. T.; Blanford, C. F.; Do, T.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis of Highly Ordered Three-Dimensional Macroporous Structures of Amorphous or Crystalline Inorganic Oxides, Phosphates and Hybrid Composites”, Chem. Mater. 1999, 11, 795-805.

Kron, D. A.; Holland, B. T.; Wipson, R.; Maleke, C.; Stein, A.; “Anion-Exchange Properties of a Mesoporous Aluminophosphate”, Langmuir 1999, 15, 8300-8308.

Johnson, B. J. S.; Buss, C. E.; Young, V. G.; Stein, A.; “Tetrabutylammonium Salt of Dodecamolybdotetrakis(p-cyanophenylarsonate)”, Acta Cryst.  1999, C55, 549-551.

Aronson, B. J.; Kinser, A. K.; Passerini, S.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis, Characterization, and Electrochemical Properties of Zinc and Magnesium Birnessites Prepared by a Low Temperature Route”, Chem. Mater. 1999, 11, 949-957.

Holland, B. T.; Isbester, P. K.; Blanford, C. F.; Munson, E. J.; Stein, A.; “Transformation of Layered Polyoxometallate Cluster Salts into Mesoporous Materials”, Materials Research Bulletin, 1999, 34 (No. 3), 471-482.


Holland, B. T.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis of Macroporous Minerals with Highly Ordered Three-Dimensional Arrays of Spheroidal Voids”, Science 1998, 281, 538-540 (highlighted in Science 1998, 282, 887-888, Chemical & Engineering News, Physics Today).

Lim, M.; Stein, A.; “Characterization and Reactivity of Hybrid Organosilicate Mesoporous Sieves”, in Laine, R. M.; Sanchez, C.; Giannelis, E.; Brinker, C. J. (eds.); Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1998, Vol. 519 (Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials), pp. 89-94.

Holland, B. T.; Walkup, C.; Stein, A.; “Encapsulation, Stabilization, and Catalytic Properties of Flexible Metal Porphyrin Complexes in MCM-41 with Minimal Electronic Perturbation by the Environment”, J. Phys. Chem. B 1998, 102, 4301-4309.

Lim, M. H.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Ordered Microporous Silicates with Organosulfur Surface Groups and their Applications as Solid Acid Catalysts", Chem. Mater. 1998, 10, 467-470.

Stein, A.; “NaBr-Sodalite”; in Robson, H. (ed.) Verified Syntheses of Zeolitic Materials, International Zeolite Association, Synthesis Commission, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 1998, 22, 656-659.


Aronson, B.J.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; “Solution-Phase Grafting of Titanium Dioxide onto the Pore Surface of Mesoporous Silicates — Synthesis and Structural Characterization”, Chem. Mater. 1997, 9, 2842-2851.

Holland, B. T.; Isbester, P. K.; Blanford, C. F.; Munson, E. J.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis of Ordered Aluminophosphate and Galloaluminophosphate Mesoporous Materials with Anion-Exchange Properties Utilizing Polyoxometalate Cluster/Surfactant Salts as Precursors”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 6796-6803.

Lim, M. H.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis and Characterization of a Reactive Vinyl-Functionalized MCM-41: Probing the Internal Pore Structure by a Bromination Reaction", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 4090-4091.

Stein, A.; “The Suggestion Box - An Old Idea Brings the ‘Real World’ Back to Freshmen Chemistry Students (and Professors)”, J. Chem. Ed. 1997, 74, 788-790.


Stein, A.; Holland, B.; “Aluminum-Containing Mesostructural Materials” (invited paper), J. Porous Mater. 1996, 3, 83-92.


Stein, A.; Fendorf, M.; Jarvie, T. P.; Mueller, K. T.; Benesi, A. J.; Mallouk, T. E.; “Salt-Gel Synthesis of Porous Transition Metal Oxides”, Chem. Mater. 1995, 7, 304-313.

Stein, A.; Fendorf, M.; Jarvie, T.P.; Mueller, K. T.; Garcia, M. E.; Mallouk, T. E.; “Synthesis of Porous Transition Metal Oxides by the Salt-Gel Method”, in Komarneni, S.; Smith, D. M.; Beck, J. S. (eds.); Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1995, Vol. 371 (Advances in Porous Materials), p.69-79.


Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; “Sodalite - An Old Material for Advanced Uses”, in Mallouk, T. E. (ed.) Advances in the Synthesis and Reactivity of Solids 1994, 2, 93-154.


Stein, A.; Keller, S.W.; Mallouk, T. E.; “Turning Down the Heat: Design and Mechanism in Solid State Synthesis”, Science 1993, 259, 1558-1564.

Stein, A.; Wehrle, B.: Jansen, M.; “Nitrogen Incorporation in AlPO4-5 Molecular Sieves by Thermal Ammonolysis”, Zeolites 1993, 13, 291-298.

Jelinek, R.; Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; “81Br and 35Cl NMR Investigation of Sodium, Silver, Halo-Sodalite Semiconductor Supralattices”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1993, 115, 2390-2396.

Glukhovtsev, M. N.; von R. Schleyer, P.; Stein, A.; “Can Four-Center Two-Electron Bonding Alone Provide Stability of a Molecule?”, J. Phys. Chem. 1993, 97, 5541-5546.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; “Sodalite Supralattices: From Molecules to Clusters to Expanded Insulators, Semiconductors and Metals”, in Ballmoos, R. V.; Higgins, J. B.; Tracy, M. M. (eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Zeolite Conference, Montreal, 1992, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, 1993, 93-125.


Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; “Class B Sodalites: Nonstoichiometric Silver, Sodium Halosodalites”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1992, 114, 8119-8129.

Jelinek, R.; Chmelka, B. F.; Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; “Multinuclear Magic-Angle Spinning and Double Rotation NMR Study of the Synthesis and Assembly of a Sodalite Semiconductor Supralattice”, J. Phys. Chem. 1992, 96, 6744-6752.

Jelinek, R.; Chmelka, B. F.; Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; “Multinuclear Solid-State NMR Study of a Sodalite Semiconductor Superlattice”, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1992, 272 (Chemical Processes in Inorganic Materials: Metal and Semiconductor Clusters and Colloids), 235-241.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; Macdonald, P. M.; Stucky, G. D.; Jelinek, R.; “Class A Sodalites: Silver, Sodium Halosodalites”,J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1992, 114, 5171-5186.


Ozin, G. A.; Kirkby, S.; Meszaros, M.; Özkar, S.; Stein, A.; Stucky, G. D.; “Intrazeolite Semiconductor Quantum Dots and Quantum Superlattices - New Materials for Nonlinear Optical Applications”, in Marder, S. R.; Sohn, J. E.; Stucky, G. D. (eds.) Materials for Nonlinear Optics, A. C. S. Symposium Series 455, American Chemical Society, Washington, 1991, 554-581.

Stein, A.; Meszaros, M.; Macdonald, P. M.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; “Mixed Semiconductor Component Quantum Supralattices: Silver,Sodium Chloro,Iodo‑Sodalites”, Adv. Mater. 1991, 3, 306-309.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; “The Ferroin Test: a Sensitive and Convenient Probe of Internal Versus External Silver in Microporous Materials: Application to Silver Sodalites”, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1991, 1455-1457.


Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; “From the Molecule to an Expanded I‑VII Semiconductor Quantum Superlattice: Silver,Sodium Halo‑Sodalites”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1990, 112, 904-905.

Stein, A.; Macdonald, P. M.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; “Assembling a Semiconductor Quantum Superlattice One Atom at a Time: Nonstoichiometric Silver, Sodium Bromosodalites”, J. Phys. Chem. 1990, 94, 6943-6948.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; “Silver Sodalites ‑ A Chemistry Approach Towards Reversible Optical Data Storage”, J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Japan 1990, 53, 322-328.

Ozin, G. A.; Stein, A.; Stucky, G. D.; Godber, J. P.; “Silver Sodalites: Novel Optically Responsive Nanocomposites”, in Atwood, J. (ed.) Inclusion Phenomena and Molecular Recognition, Plenum Press, New York, 1990, 379-393.


Ozin, G. A.; Kuperman, A.; Stein, A.; “Advanced Zeolite Materials Science”, Angew. Chem. Adv. Mater. 1989, 101, 373-390.; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1989, 28, 359-376.